Mount rinjani is the second highest volcanic in Indonesia. Mount Rinjani is an active volcano on Lombok, Indonesia. It rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making it the third-largest volcano in Indonesia. The first historical eruption occurred in September of 1847. The volcano, and its sacred, Segara anak crater lake, are protected by a national park in 1997. The 6 km by 8.5 km oval-shaped caldera is filled partially by a lake known as Segara Anak. The eruptions of 1994, 1995, and 1996 have formed a small cone in the center of the caldera and lava flows from these eruptions have entered the lake.
Mount rinjani last eruptions 2016 eruptions starting 26/10/2016
Elevation 3,726 metres (12,224 feet) Location Lombok Indonesia Prominent 3 ,726 m Coordinates 8° 25′ 0″ S 116° 28′ 0″ E Type Stratovolcano (active)
Mount rinjani one of the most impressive volcano in Indonesia. It is surrounded by spectacular cobalt blue lake, segara anak.
Tow access to climbing mt’ rinjani:
( 1 ) North lombok senaru senaru ( 2 ) East north lombok sembalun
Geography The researchers know so far, in the past around the date of April 5,1815, Mount Tambora erupted and resulted in thousands of people died. Even eruptions also spawned a massive tsunami waves at the time.
After Tambora, 68 years later, on August 27, 1883, Krakatoa erupted violently. Even the ash cloud had covered nearly a quarter of the earth.
In addition to the two, according to the researchers, it was around the year 1257 there are other volcanoes in Indonesia, which also erupted violently, on Mount Samalas.
Since the eruption of the Samalas, in addition to the many people who died, at the time the temperature dropped dramatically and many farmers from around the world who experienced crop failure.
Now the mountain structure has changed since the eruption in the past was, and is expected eruption this one is more powerful than the Krakatoa volcano Tambora even!
researchers for “perpetrator” by Note Eruption “Darken The World”
A mysterious explosion occurred in 1257, in the 13th century. Because of the enormity, its chemical traces recorded in the ice in the Arctic and Antarctic.
Text of the Middle Ages tells the story of the sudden climate cools and failed crops. Makes people difficult, even suspected many were killed.
And now scientists have discovered a new volcano responsible for the incident.
In the scientific journal, PNAS, an international team pointed to Mount Samalas in Lombok Island, Indonesia, which is known as the Mount Rinjani. Only a few structures remaining volcano and now zoom just a crater lake Segara Anak.
Mountain named Samalas now “almost nothing left and only stayed the rest of eruption” – better known now called Mount Rinjani on Lombok island, has been blamed for abrupt climate change in the Middle Ages to the European region and its surroundings.
Apparently this is a mountain that is considered responsible has been incised traces of volcanic ash in the ice at both poles of the Earth.
team of scientists to associate the trace sulfur and dust in the ice at the poles with the data found in Lombok, including radiocarbon elements, types and distribution of rock and ash, rings of trees, and even a local call history of the collapse of the Kingdom of Lombok in a future century 13.
“The evidence is very strong and interesting,” said Professor Clive Oppenheimer from Cambridge University, England, as published by the BBC, September 30, 2013.
colleague fellow scientist, Professor Franck Lavigne from Pantheon-Sorbonne University, France added, “We’re doing something similar criminal investigation.”
“At first we did not know who the suspect, armed with the ‘murder’ and geochemical traces in the form of ice cores. It allows us to track the mountain responsible. ”
Previously, other researchers say that climate changes occur suddenly due Okataina volcanic eruption in New Zealand and El Chichon in Mexico, yet another proof that states that Samalas be a strong candidate as the ‘culprit.’
“The evidence is very strong and interesting,” said Clive, as quoted by the BBC (01.10.2013). In addition to being a ‘doer’ sudden change of climate in most regions of the planet, eruption and the eruption Samalas also been linked with local history, namely the fall of the Kingdom of Lombok around the 13th century.
Other evidence, as outlined in the National Geographic (10.01.13), is the presence of text in the language Java, Lombok Chronicle, which tells a great eruption of the giant volcano named Samalas which eventually created a caldera or crater. The 1257 explosion related to a previously calculated mountain in Mexico, Ecuador, and New Zealand. However, based on research, the number of candidates failed to meet the prerequisite of carbon dating and geochemistry. Only Samalas suitable.
team that went down to Lombok indicate at least 40 cubic kilometers of rock and dust ejected from a raging mountain. With a height of more than 40 kilometers into the sky.
The explosion must have been incredible, to be able to send material to the whole world, in significant quantities to be tracked down to the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. And, consequently on the climate is also exceptional.
medieval texts describing the terrible weather in the summer of next year, in 1928: the cold, the rain that never stops, to trigger a flood.
Archaeologists have recently also determine the approximate year in 1258 on the death of thousands of people were buried in mass graves in London.
“We can not ensure that these two events -meletusnya Samalas with mass death in London. However, residents at that time must be very depressed. ”
In comparison, the explosive force Samalas least as large as Krakatoa (1883) and Tambora (1815).
The ice cores also keep a track of the colossal event in 1809 which is still a mystery. As well as finding a long way Samalas, the process to determine the origin of the events of 1809 will be difficult.
“It is remarkable that we have not found evidence of the incident. However, there is no place in the world that can bury bad news like that. ”
So if this study is correct, then there are 4 volcanoes with eruption and all-powerful eruption in Indonesia, on Mount Toba, Mount Tambora, Krakatoa and now, mountain Samalas. (BBC / liputan6 / National Geographic)